A brief overview and personal opinion of the modern african literature of things fall apart

Because the missionaries were powerful, what they wanted to do they did. Nigeria became an independent country on October 1,and became a republic in The British moved into Nigeria with a combination of government control, religious mission, and economic incentive.

The British were a major buyer of African slaves in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Background[ edit ] Most of the story takes place in the fictional village of Iguedo, which is in the Umuofia clan.

Racism in Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" became the focus of controversy, for its criticism of Joseph Conrad as "a bloody racist". To counter this inclination, Achebe brings to life an African culture with a religion, a government, a system of money, and an artistic tradition, as well as a judicial system.

It doesn't go anywhere. He is one of the early converts to Christianity and takes on the Christian name Isaac, an act which Okonkwo views as a final betrayal. Okonkwo spends his life trying not to become a failure like his father Unoka. Although she falls in love with Okonkwo after seeing him in a wrestling match, she marries another man because Okonkwo is too poor to pay her bride price at that time.

Cary worked in Nigeria as a colonial administrator and was sympathetic to the Nigerian people. Brown is a white man who comes to Umuofia. But readers should note that Achebe is not presenting Igbo culture as faultless and idyllic.

The boy lives with Okonkwo's family and Okonkwo grows fond of him, although Okonkwo doesn't show his fondness so as to not appear weak. Achebe suggests that village life has not changed substantially in generations.

Throughout the CliffsNotes, as well as on the map, the contemporary spelling Igbo is used. As Okonkwo's friend Obierika explains: He is best known for his first novel, Things Fall Apartwhich is the most widely read book in modern African literature.

Things Fall Apart

Both men would express surprise if anyone suggested to them that their European values may not be entirely appropriate for these societies. By the decision of Umuofian authorities, Ikemefuna is ultimately killed, an act which Okonkwo does not prevent, and even participates in, lest he seem feminine and weak.

It suffers from a very serious inheritance which it received at the beginning of this century from the Anglican mission. He therefore rejects everything for which he believes his father stood: Having met with the grave misfortunes of the deaths of her first nine children, she is a devoted mother to Ezinma, whom she protects and loves dearly.

As it had no kings or chiefs, Umuofian culture was vulnerable to invasion by western civilization.

Things Fall Apart

A series of military coups and dictatorships in the s, s, and early s replaced the fragile democracy that Nigeria enjoyed in the early s. Of all of Achebe's works, Things Fall Apart is the one read most often, and has generated the most critical response, examination, and literary criticism.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichiethe author of the popular and critically acclaimed novels Purple Hibiscus and Half of a Yellow Suncommented in a interview: The boy looks up to Okonkwo and considers him a second father.

It has come to be seen as the archetypal modern African novel in English, [3] [6] and is read in Nigeria and throughout Africa.

Within forty years of the arrival of the British, by the time Achebe was born inthe missionaries were well established.

Inhowever, the British outlawed slave trade within their empire. Unlike most Europeans portrayed in the novel, he shows kindness and compassion towards the villagers, thereby earning their love and respect.

The largest ethnic groups are the mostly Protestant Yoruba in the west, the Catholic Igbo in the east, and the predominantly Muslim Hausa-Fulani in the north. There is a problem with the Igbo language.

He points to Conrad, who wrote against imperialism but reduced Africans to mysterious, animalistic, and exotic "others. A month later, an expedition of British forces searched the villages in the area and killed many natives in reprisal.

In Things Fall Apart, Achebe illustrates this vision by showing us what happened in the Igbo society of Nigeria at the time of its colonization by the British. Unless Africans could tell their side of their story, Achebe believed that the African experience would forever be "mistold," even by such well-meaning authors as Joyce Cary in Mister Johnson.

Achebe regards this notion as an unacceptable argument as well as a myth. He is a strong and powerful man in Umuofia, but unlike Okonkwo, he is a reasoning man and is much less violent and arrogant.

But the standard version cannot sing. In the south, however, where communities such as Umuofia in Things Fall Apart were often not under one central authority, the British had to intervene directly and forcefully to control the local population.

As a young man he defeated the village's best wrestler, earning him lasting prestige.Furthermore, Things Fall Apart ironically reverses the style of novels by such writers as Conrad and Cary, who created flat and stereotypical African characters.

Instead, Achebe stereotypes the white colonialists as rigid, most with imperialistic intentions, whereas the. Furthermore, Things Fall Apart ironically reverses the style of novels by such writers as Conrad and Cary, who created flat and stereotypical African characters.

Instead, Achebe stereotypes the white colonialists as rigid, most with imperialistic intentions, whereas the Igbos are highly individual, many of them open to new ideas. The short story "The Voter" by Chinua Achebe is about old customs and monetary bribes colliding to rig a local village election, which looks at the relationship between African culture while exposing the conflict between traditional African beliefs and the modernism introduced by British colonialism.

Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

This essay will provide a brief overview and personal opinion of the Modern African Literature of “Things Fall Apart”, “Efuru”, and “So Long a Letter”. These books directly identify the transformation required by each individual for their survival within the groups/clans where they resided.

Set in the late 19th century, at the height of the "Scramble" for African territories by the great European powers, Things Fall Apart tells the story of Okonkwo, a proud and highly respected Igbo. Plot Overview. Okonkwo is a wealthy and respected warrior of the Umuofia clan, a lower Nigerian tribe that is part of a consortium of nine connected villages.

He is haunted by the actions of Unoka, his cowardly and spendthrift father, who died in disrepute, leaving many village debts unsettled.

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A brief overview and personal opinion of the modern african literature of things fall apart
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